Glossary of Key Terms
Intensive Pig Farming
The practice of breeding animals for the production of animal products.
Australian Pork Industry Quality Assurance Program
A predator at the top of the food chain.
The seeking or interpreting of information in ways that is partial to one's existing beliefs, values or expectations.
Source: Raymond S. Nickerson in Confirmation Bias: A Ubiquitous Phenomenon in Many Guises
The process of fertile soils becoming less fertile due to drought, or inadequate agriculture techniques.
A Environmental Farm Plan is (EFP) is a general name for any farm plan that focuses on the management of farm environment assets such as soil, water and vegetation.
Source: Agriculture Victoria
A person who grazes cattle for the market.
In agriculture, grazing is a method where domestic livestock roam in paddocks, feeding on grass and other forage which is converted into meat, milk and other products.
All Australian pig production is classified as intensive agriculture regardless of whether production is indoors or outdoors. In Australia, pig production can be either outdoors or indoors, under one of three recognised pig farming systems:
Commercial transport of livestock across national borders.
Meat and Livestock Australia
Quality Assurance Program
Carbon cycle is an essential part of life on earth. Carbon in soil releases nutrients for plant growth, promotes the structure, biological and physical health of soil.
Source: Young Carbon Farmers
A sow stall (also known as a gestation stall) is a highly confining type of housing that pregnant pigs on some farms are kept in. A sow stall is roughly the length and width of a fully grown sow (a female breeding pig), and does not allow the sow to turn around or leave. The sow is traditionally housed in a stall for some or all of her pregnancy, which lasts for approximately 115 days.
Why were sow stalls used in the first place? Up until recently, sow stalls were in wide use in the Australian pork industry, and had been for many years. During pregnancy (especially the earlier part of pregnancy), sows can be highly aggressive to each other. Sow stalls were used to protect individual pregnant sows from fighting, which can cause both injuries and abortions. They also allow sows to be protected while they are individually fed, so they will not be pushed away from their feed by a “bully” sow.
What is the Australian pork industry doing about this? The Australian pork industry has committed to voluntarily phasing out sow stalls by 2017. This came after many years of research into alternative housing methods. Specifically, the industry is aiming to ensure that sows are kept in loose housing from five days after mating, until one week before they are ready to give birth. This period would typically take around 105 days.
Source: Australian Pork
Consumers who do not eat or wear any animal products, and consume only a plant based diet.
Rolls around or lies in the mud or water.
A wet market is an open marketplace with stalls of fresh meat, vegetables and other food items presented for sale. Many wet markets are found in China and the Philippines. The name is based on the fact that these informal market environments usually have wet floors. Shoppers tolerate sloppy floors and items piled on mats or boards as the foods sold at wet markets are known for their fresh quality and low price. The moisture is created by market workers regularly spraying the produce and floors with water.